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通风管道跑冒滴漏危害及解决方案

来源:http://www.jntfgd.com 日期:2021-03-09 发布人:gaoshitongferng

跑、冒、滴、漏是现代安全文明生产的大敌,在长期连续生产过程中,由于受振动、应力、变形、冲击、冲刷、腐蚀、温度、压力、环境、季节以及人为因素、材料自身缺陷等等众多因素的影响,常常会造成各种形式的密封失效,进而产生介质泄漏。
Running, emitting, dripping and leaking are the great enemies of modern safe and civilized production. In the long-term continuous production process, due to the influence of vibration, stress, deformation, impact, erosion, corrosion, temperature, pressure, environment, season, human factors, material defects and many other factors, various forms of seal failure are often caused, resulting in medium leakage.
管道渗漏的危害
Harm of pipeline leakage
这些泄漏如果不能及时治理,在介质的冲刷下会使泄漏迅速扩大,造成物料的损失、生产环境的破坏,如果是有毒有害、易燃易爆的介质泄漏,还有可能造成人员中毒、火灾爆炸等重大事故。
If the leakage can not be treated in time, the leakage will expand rapidly under the erosion of the medium, causing material loss and damage to the production environment. If the leakage is toxic, harmful, flammable and explosive medium, it may also cause major accidents such as personnel poisoning, fire and explosion.
跑冒滴漏:
Running, dripping and leaking:
跑:指原料、半成品或成品等物料和气体从容器或管道溢流出来。其表现形式主要为:管道和容器破裂,进出口阀门开关失灵。
Run: refers to the overflow of raw materials, semi-finished products or finished products and other materials and gases from containers or pipes. The main manifestations are: pipeline and vessel rupture, inlet and outlet valve failure.
冒:在生产工艺过程中,收、除尘效果不好,除尘设备存在故障或不完善,皮带中转未采取密封措施,其表现为:冒灰、冒粉尘。
Emitting: in the process of production, the effect of collecting and dedusting is not good, the dedusting equipment is faulty or imperfect, and the belt transfer is not sealed, which is characterized by emitting ash and dust.
滴:只要是指设备里的、管道与管道、管道与设备、管道与阀门里的液体介质渗漏出来。设备本身密封等接口处,以及管道、设备、阀门等自身密封性能差造成物料渗漏。
Drop: as long as it refers to the leakage of liquid medium in equipment, pipeline and pipeline, pipeline and equipment, pipeline and valve. The poor sealing performance of the equipment itself and other interfaces, as well as the pipelines, equipment, valves, etc., cause material leakage.
漏:一般是指密封性不好,或者是阀门开关未关闭到位,阀体存在缺陷,设备磨损部位没有及时修补,导致物料或气体从缝隙或裂口,裂痕处流出。
Leakage: generally refers to the poor sealing, or the valve switch is not closed in place, the valve body has defects, and the worn parts of the equipment are not repaired in time, resulting in the outflow of materials or gas from the gap or crack.
管道渗漏的危害
Harm of pipeline leakage
因此,如何能在不影响生产的情况下,快速治理泄漏,一直是企业设备管理人员所关注的话题。
Therefore, how to quickly control leakage without affecting production has always been a topic of concern for enterprise equipment managers.
查看一切管道接口,避免跑冒滴漏,削减能耗遗失。
Check all pipe interfaces to avoid leakage and reduce energy consumption.
1、管道应畅通,保证输送介质的畅通:清理氧化铁皮和管道内壁,不留杂物,保证管道内壁干净。
1. The pipeline should be unblocked to ensure the smooth transportation of medium: clean up the scale and the inner wall of the pipeline, leaving no debris, and ensure that the inner wall of the pipeline is clean.
2、应做好必要的防腐和耐磨处理,以延长管道的使用寿命。焊接必须严密不漏水,风管的内表面应涂漆以防止生锈。
2. Necessary anti-corrosion and wear-resistant treatment should be done to extend the service life of the pipeline. The welding must be tight and watertight, and the inner surface of the air duct should be painted to prevent rust.
3、连接应紧密,无泄漏,所有法兰安装时必须加装密封材料。
3. The connection shall be tight without leakage, and all flanges shall be installed with sealing materials.
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